CHI TIẾT

Thức ăn gia súc chiếm 81,9% tổng kim ngạch nhập khẩu từ Achentina

20 - 03 - 2014

C￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀc m￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄋt h￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠng nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳp kh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅu ch￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄃ y￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒ﾿u t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆱ Achentina nh￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ: Th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄅc ￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn gia s￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄎc v￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠ nguy￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆰn li￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌu; ng￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡ; ￯﾿ト￯ᄒム￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳu t￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄀng; nguy￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆰn ph￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆬ li￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌu d￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌt, may, da gi￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠy; d￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄃu m￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄀ ￯﾿ト￯ᄒム￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒルng th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄆc v￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳt; d￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆪc ph￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅm; g￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒラ v￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠ s￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪn ph￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅm g￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒラ; b￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡng c￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀc lo￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄀi; s￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪn ph￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅm t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆱ s￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆵt th￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄅp. Trong ￯﾿ト￯ᄒム￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄈ m￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄋt h￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠng c￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄈ gi￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀ tr￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳp kh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅu l￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒロn nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆬt t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆱ th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ tr￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒンng n￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠy l￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠ th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄅc ￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn gia s￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄎc v￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠ nguy￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆰn li￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌu, tr￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ gi￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀ 1.017.580.632 USD, t￯﾿ト￯ᄒテng 45,97% so v￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒロi c￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄍng k￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄈ n￯﾿ト￯ᄒテm tr￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒロc, chi￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒ﾿m 81,9% t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒユng tr￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ gi￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀ nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳp kh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅu t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆱ Achentina trong n￯﾿ト￯ᄒテm 2013. Achentina c￯﾿ナ￯ᄒᄅng l￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠ th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ tr￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒンng l￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒロn nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆬt cung c￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆬp th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄅc ￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn gia s￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄎc v￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠ nguy￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆰn li￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌu cho Vi￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌt Nam, chi￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒ﾿m t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒロi 33% th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ ph￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄃn.
Vi￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌt Nam ch￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄃ y￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒ﾿u nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳp kh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅu kh￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡ d￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄃu ￯﾿ト￯ᄒム￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳu n￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠnh, kh￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡ d￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄃu ￯﾿ト￯ᄒム￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳu t￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄀng, b￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒルt l￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡng v￯﾿ナ￯ᄒᄅ th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄃy ph￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄁn, b￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒルt gia c￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄃm t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆱ th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ tr￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒンng Achentina ￯﾿ト￯ᄒム￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒテ s￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪn xu￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆬt th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄅc ￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn ch￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn nu￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡi (qua c￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪng h￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪi ph￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄇng v￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠ c￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪng C￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀt L￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀi H￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒモ ch￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆳ minh, CFR).
Theo B￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒル NN&PTNT, t￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆲnh tr￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄀng nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳp kh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅu nguy￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆰn li￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌu s￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪn xu￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆬt th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄅc ￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn ch￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn nu￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡi ng￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠy c￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠng t￯﾿ト￯ᄒテng trong nhi￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒチu n￯﾿ト￯ᄒテm qua. Nguy￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆰn nh￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄁn l￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠ do nguy￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆰn li￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌu th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄅc ￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn ch￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn nu￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡi trong n￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒロc c￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄇn thi￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒ﾿u, kh￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡng ￯﾿ト￯ᄒム￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀp ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄅng ￯﾿ト￯ᄒム￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄃ s￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄆ ph￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀt tri￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒテn nhanh ch￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄈng c￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄃa ng￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠnh ch￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn nu￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡi.
H￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠng n￯﾿ト￯ᄒテm, Vi￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌt Nam ph￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪi nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳp kh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅu trung b￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆲnh 5,84 tri￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌu t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆬn nguy￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆰn li￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌu th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄅc ￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn ch￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn nu￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡi. Trong giai ￯﾿ト￯ᄒムo￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄀn 2006-2012, t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒムc ￯﾿ト￯ᄒム￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒル t￯﾿ト￯ᄒテng tr￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒ゚ng nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳp kh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅu nguy￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆰn li￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌu th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄅc ￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn ch￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn nu￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡi l￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠ 16,38%/n￯﾿ト￯ᄒテm.
M￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄋt h￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠng c￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄈ gi￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀ tr￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳp kh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅu l￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒロn th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄅ hai t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆱ Achentina l￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠ ng￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡ tr￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ gi￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀ 45.006.494 USD, gi￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪm 40,06%; ti￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒ﾿p ￯﾿ト￯ᄒム￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒ﾿n l￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠ ￯﾿ト￯ᄒム￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳu t￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄀng tr￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ gi￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀ 40.605.494 USD. Kim ng￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄀch nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳp kh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅu m￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄋt h￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠng d￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄃu m￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄀ ￯﾿ト￯ᄒム￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒルng th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄆc v￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳt c￯﾿ナ￯ᄒᄅng t￯﾿ト￯ᄒテng kh￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀ m￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄀnh, t￯﾿ト￯ᄒテng t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒロi 197%,55% so v￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒロi c￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄍng k￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄈ n￯﾿ト￯ᄒテm tr￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒロc, tr￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ gi￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀ 37.632.146 USD; nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳp kh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅu nguy￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆰn ph￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆬ li￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌu, d￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌt may da gi￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠy t￯﾿ト￯ᄒテng 25,67%. Nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆵng m￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄋt h￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠng c￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄈ kim ng￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄀch nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳp kh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅu gi￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪm nh￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ: d￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆪc ph￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅm gi￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪm 11,61%; b￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡng gi￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪm 49,52%; s￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪn ph￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅm t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆱ s￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆵt th￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄅp gi￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪm 97,84%.
S￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒム li￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌu c￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄃa T￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒユng c￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆬc h￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪi quan v￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒチ nh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳp kh￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅu h￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠng h￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄈa t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆱ Achentina n￯﾿ト￯ᄒテm 2013
M￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄋt h￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠng
N￯﾿ト￯ᄒテm 2012
N￯﾿ト￯ᄒテm 2013
N￯﾿ト￯ᄒテm 2013 so v￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒロi c￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄍng k￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄈ n￯﾿ト￯ᄒテm tr￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒロc (%)
L￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆪng (t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆬn)
Tr￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ gi￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀ (USD)
L￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆪng (t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆬn)
Tr￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ gi￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀ (USD)
L￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆪng
Tr￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヒ gi￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀ
T￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒユng
9.155.41.322
1.241.874.938
,64
Th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄅc ￯﾿ト￯ᄒテn gia s￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄎc v￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠ nguy￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆰn li￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌu
697.105.122
1.017.580.632
,97
Ng￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡ
238.885
75.087.298
147.528
45.006.494
-40,06
￯﾿ト￯ᄒミ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳu t￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄀng
67.602
40.605.494
Nguy￯﾿テ￯ᄒᆰn ph￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆬ li￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌu d￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒヌt, may da gi￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠy
30.884.153
38.813.004
,67
D￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄃu m￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄀ ￯﾿ト￯ᄒム￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒルng th￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᄆc v￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆳt
12.647.151
37.632.146
■゚゙,55
D￯﾿ニ￯ᄒᄚ￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆪc ph￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅm
24.624.783
21.766.841
-11,61
G￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒラ v￯﾿テ￯ᄒᅠ s￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪn ph￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅm g￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒラ
2671.364
4.188.208
,78
B￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄡng c￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄀc lo￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄀi
4.356
7.603.171
2.063
3.838.362
-52,64
-49,52
S￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪn ph￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᄅm t￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒᆱ s￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆵt th￯﾿テ￯ᄒᄅp
6.499.396
140.481
-97,84
Ngu￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄏ￯ᄒモn: Vinanet/H￯﾿ᄀ￯ᄒᄎ￯ᄒᆪi quan